Windbreaks Around the World.
Field windbreaks in Ukraine
I had the privilege of going on a farm tour with the
Iowa Farm Bureau to Ukraine
in 2013. Ukraine has more grade A land than any other county in
Europe. What is the most remarkable to me was their Field
Windbreaks from one end of the country to the other. These were
put in by the order of Stalin, when the Ukraine was part of the USSR in
the early 1950s, to reduce soil erosion and increase yields.
They are currently thriving and doing well and none of
them are being taken out as these windbreaks are still part of the
Government land and has not been given back to the people as the
farmable land was after 1991. All these windbreaks are easy to view going to
the Google earth website over the Ukraine and focusing in on any area of
This picture was right outside the airport in Kiev,
the main varieties in the windbreaks are: Lindens, Ash, Birch,
Hackberry, Oaks, Maples, Elms, Horse Chestnut and Locust. Weedy
trees such as Box elder and Amur maple has taken over some areas.
All the windbreaks are 4 or 5 rows of deciduous trees
spaced 3 meters apart between rows, and 2 meters between trees in the
row, and none of them contained any evergreens.
The windbreaks run North and South and East and West
usually about 1/2 -1 mile between them
With Ukraine's very fertile deep soils, these
windbreaks should help it stay the breadbasket of Europe by keeping its
soil from blowing and washing away, preserving soil moisture, and keep
drying winds off of the crop fields. Its crop yields and total quantity
of feed grains
continue to increase and has become a major competitor with the USA for
grain stocks around the world.
Windbreak of Salt Cedar that surround the Furnace
Creek Resort in Death Valley, California.
On the other side of this windbreak the wind was blowing
30-40 MPH with lots of sand in the air. Salt Cedar is a beautiful tree
and makes a great windbreak in desert/dry areas of the SW USA, but is
considered invasive so is rarely now being planted.
According from the people who run the resort, they were
put in during the 1930s and are getting very old and starting to
deteriorate, but still doing a great job protecting the resort from wind
and sand storms.