New growth coming out in the early spring
Austrees in Summer time.
Is a deciduous fast growing shade or windbreak tree that can grow 6-10 ft per year,
and after 7 years top out at 40 ft. No competition from grass and weeds and adequate moisture is necessary for rapid growth.
One row planted 5 to 10 ft apart will give an effective windbreak, screen and
snow catch in just a couple of years. Our favorite spacing in good soil is a
double row spaced 8 ft apart in the row and 10 ft between rows. With our 8X10
spacing we show a 30% reduction in the wind during the winter with no leaves.
They get leaves on in early April and hold them until the middle of Nov. here in
Iowa, so offer a great windbreak during this time period. More rows with
wider spacing would be even better. A 5-6 ft potted tree will usually be 10 ft tall by the fall
of the first year it is in the ground. We sell and plant potted Austrees anytime
the ground is not frozen (March-December).
There is a hog building behind these trees above and they are only 3 years in
the ground and 25 ft tall.
The branches are very flexible and not brittle like other willows so we rarely see any branch breaking in high winds
or ice storms (see picture below). They do not spread by suckers or seed like other willows can.
At this time the long-term life of these plants are not known but we have seen
some over 25 years old and they still look good. I always suggest planting
evergreen trees on the inside of the Austrees so you do have better windbreak protection in
the winter and long term. We have shown a 20% faster growth on evergreens
planted inside of the Austrees in a windbreak. It appears that the
Austrees with there leaves on in the early spring help, by keeping the strong
spring winds off of the new growth, protecting the evergreens from wind damage.
We also do like to plant an Austree 6 ft from the last evergreen in our windbreak rows and some in the middle of our newly planted windbreak. The buck deer in the fall
(Sep- Dec.) will first come into your windbreak and “attack” with their horns
these 8ft tall flexible trees and destroy them instead of your valuable
evergreens. The below tree has had this happen. The following spring
and every spring for 5 years,
we cut the Austrees off 1 ft from the ground and they will re-grow and be ready in the fall for the next round of buck deer rubs, do this every year. After the evergreens are
10 ft+ tall you can cut off the Austrees used for deer protection, in the fall
at ground level, apply roundup to the stump and remove the above ground part from your windbreak.
No reason to remove the roots as they will rot away in just a couple of years.
Double row of Potted Austrees 1 year old since planting and already 12 ft tall
Above Deer scrape damage to Austree planted at
the end of a windbreak row. Deer will rub
on these instead of your valuable
Another use for austrees putting them 5ft from each tree in a row of evergreens.
The deer will eat and rub on the austrees before going to the evergreens. You
still need to keep deer number as low as possible the first 7 years - we use
Every year cut the austrees off 1 ft above the ground on March 15th and let them
resprout during the summer, the austrees will usually be about 8-10 ft tall by
fall ready for another fall and winter deer destruction season. Usually
after about 5-7 years when the evergreen trees are about 12 ft tall you can cut
off the austrees at ground level in the fall (Oct 15th - Dec. 15th) and put
roundup on the stump and kill the austrees, as your evergreens continue to grow.
Above picture shows Austrees on left in October and Poplars' on
Right. Austrees are much thicker, stronger and hold there leaves much
longer in the fall.
These Austrees had 1 inch of ice on them.
Two weeks later the ice melted, they spring back up and no branches were broken.
Our potted austrees 1 year old--we have thousands of these
We sell two types of Austrees as we have found these work the
The 15" Cuttings are easy to plant 12"deep, slot or small hole, and when
given good weed control and average rainfall, usually are about 4-6 ft tall by
the end of the first year. If using them for a windbreak after the first
year in the spring we suggest you cut them off 3 ft above the ground to get them
to "bush" out and give a better windbreak with more branches and leaves down
low, do this only once. Normal losses for first year 2-5%.
The Potted ones are easy to plant with an 8" auger. Dig hole 2 ft deep,
remove pot, drop in hole and fill in dirt. Cut off 3 ft above ground once
after planting if
using for a windbreak. Normal losses for first year 0-2%.
Good weed/grass control (we recommend chemicals) with no competition during the
growing season within 3 ft of the stem, is the most important thing you can do to get your
Austrees to grow fast. Do not get chemicals on stem of Austrees or plant
within 30days of spraying an area, as it can
kill them. Watering is less important, in an average year, we
rarely water any new Austrees unless there is a drought. Rabbits, mice and
voles love the bark on the Austrees. It is very important the first three
years to mow the area around the Austrees very short going into the fall and
winter months to help with this problem.
They will tell
you when they need water when the leaves start turning yellow, but you have
weeks to get them watered after the leaves start to turn. If you start to
water them they will become very dependent on it and you will have to keep
watering them all summer long-ug.
Austree Hybrid Willow-
15" Cuttings -
Less than 100 - $2.00 each /
over 100 - $1.25
Plant cuttings in the spring only after all hard freezes are past. We
can ship these up to June 15th. We ship these nationwide, 100 cost about $40
or less to ship.
Potted plants work best planted early spring or after Oct 15th. 5'-7' - 1 yr. Potted -
$12.00 each / over 50 - $10.00 each.
These must be
picked up here, cannot ship.
Potted austree shown left and our bundle of 100 austrees cuttings
shown on right.
shown above--double row of potted austrees 4 years old, spaced 8 ft apart in
the row and between rows around the building. Evergreen trees are planted
inside of the austrees for long term wind, odor and snow control.